First derivative test is conclusive for locally analytic function
This article describes a situation, or broad range of situations, where a particular test or criterion is conclusive, i.e., it works as intended to help us determine what we would like to determine.
The test is first derivative test. See more conclusive cases for first derivative test | inconclusive cases for first derivative test
Suppose is a function, is a point in the interior of the domain of , and is analytic about , i.e., there is a power series centered at that converges to on an open interval containing . In particular, this means that is infinitely differentiable at . The assumption of being a critical point also forces .
In this case, the first derivative test is conclusive for .
- Higher derivative test is conclusive for locally analytic function
- First derivative test is conclusive for function with algebraic derivative (this is a somewhat weaker version because having an algebraic derivative implies being locally analytic)
- Function analytic about a point has isolated zeros near the point
- First derivative test is conclusive for differentiable function at isolated critical point
The proof follows directly by applying Fact (1) to the derivative and combining with Fact (2).