# First-degree differential equation

## Definition

A first-degree differential equation is a differential equation that is linear in its highest-order derivative. Explicitly, of the independent variable is $x$, the dependent variable is $y$, and the order is $k$it has the form:

$P(x,y,y',\dots,y^{(k-1)})y^{(k)} = Q(x,y,y',\dots,y^{(k-1)})$

### Relation with explicit differential equations

First-degree differential equations are typically solved by converting them to explicit differential equations. This simply involves dividing by $P$. The explicit differential equation form is:

$y^{(k)} = \frac{Q(x,y,y',\dots,y^{(k-1)})}{P(x,y,y',\dots,y^{(k-1)})}$

However, when doing this division, we may throw away some solutions where $P(x,y,y',\dots,y^{(k-1)}) = Q(x,y,y',\dots,y^{(k-1)}) = 0$. These solutions can be checked for separately, but we can note that these are differential equations of a lower order (specifically, order at most $k - 1$) hence presumably easier to solve.